Election by HMO Enrollees
An HMO enrollee may elect the hospice benefit. After the hospice election, Medicare pays the hospice for hospice services and pays the HMO for services of the attending physician, who may be a nurse practitioner, (as defined in section 20.1 of this manual) and services not related to the patient’s terminal illness.
Hospices may charge individuals for the applicable coinsurance amounts. An individual who has elected hospice care is liable for the following coinsurance payments.
Drugs and Biologicals Coinsurance
An individual is liable for a coinsurance payment for each palliative drug and biological prescription furnished by the hospice while the individual is not an inpatient. The amount of coinsurance for each prescription approximates five percent of the cost of the drug or biological to the hospice, determined in accordance with the drug copayment schedule established by the hospice, except that the amount of coinsurance for each prescription may not exceed $5.00. The cost of the drug or biological may not exceed what a prudent buyer would pay in similar circumstances. The drug copayment schedule must be periodically reviewed for reasonableness and approved by the intermediary before it is used.
Respite Care Coinsurance
The amount of coinsurance for each respite care day is equal to five percent of the payment made by CMS for a respite care day. The amount of the individual’s coinsurance liability for respite care during a hospice coinsurance period may not exceed the inpatient hospital deductible applicable for the year in which the hospice coinsurance period began.
The individual hospice coinsurance period begins on the first day an election is in effect for the beneficiary and ends with the close of the first period of 14 consecutive days on each of which an election is not in effect for the beneficiary.
Thus, if a beneficiary elects to use all three of his/her election periods consecutively (without a 2-week break), they are subject to a maximum coinsurance for respite care equal to the hospital inpatient deductible. Similarly, if a break between election periods exceeds 14 days, the maximum coinsurance for respite care doubles, triples, or quadruples (depending on the number of election periods used and the timing of subsequent elections).
EXAMPLE: Mr. Brown elected an initial 90-day period of hospice care. Five days after the initial period of hospice care ended, he began another period of hospice care under a subsequent election. Immediately after the period ended, he began a third period of hospice care. Mr. Brown received inpatient respite care during all three periods of hospice care. Since these election periods were not separated by 14 consecutive days, they constitute a single hospice coinsurance period. Therefore, a maximum coinsurance for respite care during all three periods of hospice care may not exceed the amount of the inpatient hospital deductible for the year in which the first period began.